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    GCJ's recommended links on strength training, sports medicine, rehabilitation, plyometrics, knee care, and other topics:

ACSM’s mission statement is to promote and integrate scientific research, education, and practical applications of sports medicine and exercise science to maintain and enhance physical performance, fitness, health, and quality of life. The Web site offers a wide list of accessible publications with its own search engine. It also provides information on careers and certification in sports medicine, available research grants and scholarships, related conference schedule, and news items related to the organization and sports medicine in general. Most of the site is usable by nonmembers. www.acsm.org

The institute is a nonprofit research organization based in Ann Arbor, Mich. It is devoted to the development of preventative sports medicine practice. Its goals are to achieve safer sports activities and to reduce the costs of acute health care and rehab. It works to develop protective equipment, to modify rules, and to develop conditioning practices and injury treatment techniques. Some research articles related to softball, baseball, soccer, and shoulder injuries are posted and can be ordered at no charge. Educational seminars are held during the Mid-American Sports Medicine Symposium, which IPSM sponsors. www.ipsm.org

There have been many firsts at this hospital-based institute, including the development of products now used in the area of sports medicine. Much of the information is targeted to patients who can learn more about injuries and postsurgical care. For professionals, there is an extensive list of staff-authored, published journal abstracts that you can search and download. Here you can subscribe to different list servers targeted to the professional in sports medicine or sports psychology, for example. The institute is part of Lenox Hill Hospital, New York. www.nismat.org

The online journal is generous in what it posts, although the printed version is available only for physicians to access. Entire peer-reviewed articles can be read online, including articles produced from Olympic events. Online articles go back to 1996 and you can search for what you want. There are also articles on physical health for the active individual. If a patient needs to travel, you can search through a list of sports medicine clinics around the country. www.physsportsmed.com

This site offers information on treating various types of sports injuries, accredited programs for athletic training, and useful links. It also offers a buyer’s guide with photographs and information on sports medicine-related products. Indexes and tables of contents are available for the Journal of Athletic Training, but not the actual articles. www.nata.org

This site is put up by the US Olympics Disabled Sports Organization, which was established in 1967 by disabled Vietnam veterans. Members include people with visual impairments, amputations, spinal cord injury, dwarfism, multiple sclerosis, head injury, cerebral palsy, and other neuromuscular and orthopedic conditions. This site will direct you to the closest chapter and there is information on summer and winter sports programs. www.dsusa.org

On this site you will find details on three divisions for men, along with a women’s division and a division for youth. The official rules of wheelchair basketball are posted along with the history of the sport. The site administrator also promises video of wheelchair basketball games. The NWBA is an affiliate of the National Basketball Association, with many NWBA teams receiving support from their local NBA teams. www.nwba.org

The International Paralympic Committee has its own Web site with more general information about the history and the future of the Paralympic Games. There is a medical page on the International Paralympic Medical and Anti-Doping Code. www.paralympic.org

The US Paralympic Committee is now part of the Olympic Committee. The US Olympic Web site has some general information on the Paralympics. You will also find links to archived information on the 1996 Atlanta Paralympic Games. www.olympic-usa.org/games/index.html

The Salt Lake City Paralympic Committee has information on the Web for the 2002 Winter Games. Some of it is under construction, but already you can find information about individual winter sports and their venues. www.slc2002.org/paralympics

There are specifics about eight competitive sports, a youth program, and the classifications process it takes to create a team. Learn more about these competitive events for people with cerebral palsy: boccie, swimming, equestrian, indoor wheelchair soccer, cycling, power lifting, soccer and athletics. This is a US Olympics Disabled Sports Organization. www.uscpaa.org

This is a US Olympics Disabled Sports Organization whose members are primarily athletes who use wheelchairs after the game is over as opposed to athletes who play in wheelchairs but walk away on prosthetic limbs. It was originally the National Wheelchair Athletic Association, founded in 1956. Junior athletes now make up 30% of its total membership. At this site, you can learn what it takes to qualify for competitive shooting, archery, track and field, and swimming. There is a list of 13 regional sports organizations, but you might find more if you contact WSUSA by phone since this list is from 1997. www.wsusa.org

Unleashing the power of your mind, for success. You can achieve whatever you believe you can achieve. As you think, so shall you be. The Hoops Guru is a Tulsa based basketball mentor, offering "How to Win" consulting services to professional and collegiate sports teams. www.HoopsGuru.com

The Athletic Science website is a project in the making. The website updates the work done at Athletic Science, at AS laboratories and facilities in Oklahoma and Michigan. Athletic Science  serves as the Research and Development incubator, for much of the advanced athletic performance training and preventative care information utilized by GirlsCanJump.com. www.AthleticScience.com

Here's an article that summarizes a preliminary study that athletes are more likely to suffer an ankle injury while wearing more expensive athletic shoes. Article also notes Ramus' research regarding effects of ankle sprains.

MedNet - Examination of the ACL
ACL Treatment and Rehabilitation
Information from the Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine and Science.
The Centers for Sports Medicine Site
Information on overuse and acute knee injuries.
Conditions of the Knee
Information on common disorders of the knee.
Knee Injuries and Disorders
Detailed information on knee injuries from MEDLINEplus.
About Knee Problems
Contains general information about knee problems. From the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.

ACL Reconstruction - Tulane University Sports Medicine
ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT TEARS ACL information from Ackland Sports Medicine
WebMd.com - Half of basketball injuries on landing
Weightsnet.com - Plyometrics Q&A




Suggested Reading and References:

Zelisko JA, Noble HB, Porter M;
A comparison of men's and women's basketball injuries. Am J Sports Med 1982;10(5):297-299


Arendt E, Dick R
Knee injury patterns among men and women and in collegiate basketball and soccer: NCAA data and review of literature.
Am J Sports Med 1995; 23(6)694-701


Griffs ND, Nequist SW, et al:
Injury prevention of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), abstracted, in American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Meeting Abstracts, Smyposia and Instructional Courses, 15th Annual Meeting, Traverse City, MI, June 19-22, 1989.


Juston LJ, Wojtys E:
Neuromuscular performance characteristics in the elite female athlete.
Am J Sports Med 1996;24(4);427-436


Caraffa A, Cerulli G, Projetti M, et al:
Prevention of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in soccer: a prospective controlled study of proprioceptive training.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol arthrosc 1996;4(1)19-21


McLean SG, Neil RJ, Meyers PT:
Knee joint kinematics during the sidestep cutting maneuver: potential for injury in women
Med Sci Sports Exerc 1999;31(7)959-968.


Schnirring, L.:
Training Programs May Lower Women's ACL Injury Risk
The Physician and Sportsmedicine, Vol27, No 10, Oct 1, 1999,p15-21.



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